A legal description (also referred to as a land description, property description, or land boundary description) is "a written statement recognizred by law as to the definite location of a tract of land by reference to a survey, recorded map or adjoining property." (from: Glossaries of BLM Surveying and Mapping Terms, Second Edition, 1980.)
Easements often present unique problems in the negotiation and establishment of deed rights, a fact that often goes unnoticed when parties overemphasize the so-called “big picture”. Integral Surveying is well versed in locating easements, writing easement descriptions, interpreting easement clauses, and determining reversionary rights. In short, we recognize that with easements, as with virtually every aspect of professional surveying, the devil is in the details.
Types of Descriptions
- Metes and bounds
- "Bounded By" description
- An aliquot part of the US Public Land Survey System
- Lot and Block survey system or lot shown on a similar subdivision map
- A strip description
Example Metes and Bounds Description:
A STRIP OF LAND SITUATED IN THE NORTHEAST QUARTER OF SECTION 31, TOWNSHIP 1 NORTH, RANGE 70 WEST OF THE 6TH PRINCIPAL MERIDIAN, BEING PART OF THE PROPERTY DESCRIBED IN DEED RECORDED MARCH 20TH, 2005 AT RECEPTION NUMBER 2763865, COUNTY OF BOULDER, STATE OF COLORADO, BEING MORE PARTICULARLY DESCRIBED AS FOLLOWS:
COMMENCING AT THE NORTHEAST CORNER OF SAID SECTION 31; THENCE N90°00’00”W ALONG THE NORTH LINE OF SAID NORTHEAST QUARTER A DISTANCE OF 1686.50 FEET; THENCE S00°06’30”W ALONG A LINE PARALLEL WITH THE EAST LINE OF SAID SECTION 31 A DISTANCE OF 170.00 FEET TO THE TRUE POINT OF BEGINNING; THENCE N90°00’00”W ALONG A LINE PARALLEL WITH SAID NORTH LINE A DISTANCE OF 6.00 FEET; THENCE N00°06’30”E PARALLEL WITH SAID EAST LINE A DISTANCE OF 64.75 FEET; THENCE N46°16’52”E A DISTANCE OF 8.32 FEET TO A POINT ON SAID EAST LINE; THENCE S00°06’30”E ALONG SAID EAST LINE A DISTANCE OF 70.50 FEET TO THE TRUE POINT OF BEGINNING.
SAID PARCEL CONTAINS 406 SQUARE FEET OR 0.009 ACRE, MORE OR LESS.